Differences: Location; Alpine glaciers are only found on mountain tops but continental glaciers are only found at the earth's poles regardless of elevation. The primary difference between the two types of glaciers is size. Aside from watches, cheese and chocolate, there is hardly anything that people more clearly connect with Switzerland than its unique mountain scenery. There are two principal categories of glaciers: alpine glaciers and continental glaciers. As for specific classifications, an ice cap is a domed glacier mass that flows in all directions and an ice sheet is an ice cap that exceeds 19,000 miles. Glacier - Glacier - Mountain glaciers: In this discussion the term mountain glaciers includes all perennial ice masses other than the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets. Today glaciers only form on land and nearer the poles. It contains more than five times the glacier area of all the other Cascade volcanoes combined. Intro. Whether you come here in winter or summer, to ski or to hike – Switzerland is a paradise for both experienced and aspiring peak baggers. These glaciers flow outward from where the greatest amount of snow and ice accumulate. Other articles where Glaciation is discussed: glacial landform: …are being produced today in glaciated areas, such as Greenland, Antarctica, and many of the world’s higher mountain ranges. Continental glaciers are also far thicker, they bury the land in up to thousands of meters of ice, completely transforming the landscape. In addition, large expansions of present-day glaciers have recurred during the course of Earth history. Valley Glaciers. The accumulation zone begins in a bowl-shaped cirque, eventually it spills outs and flows downwards. Glaciers are classified into mountain glaciers and valley glaciers (Muller et al., 1977). When glaciers began their final retreat 10,000 years ago, they left behind many landscape features, such as lakes, valleys, and mountains. Mountain glaciers. Below, listen to the conversation or read the transcript, and hear Dr. David Hik’s thoughts on: Continental ice-sheets; 1. Today, continental glaciers cover about 10% of Earth's land. Mount Rainier, Washington, at 14,410 feet (4,393 meters), the highest peak in the Cascade Range, is a dormant volcano whose glacier ice cover exceeds that of any other mountain in the conterminous United States. Continental glaciers cover vast land areas, flowing outward in all directions from a center region. D. Mount Rainier has approximately 26 glaciers. Smaller masses of ice, called ice caps, are also considered continental glaciers. They typically erode the mountain beneath them into a u-shaped valley with steep sides. When a tributary glacier melts, it leaves a hanging valley above the main glacial valley. Albation happens by sublimation, melting, and calving. Many hollowed-out areas carved by glaciers became lakes. The glaciers on the mountain slope that end in the middle before approaching the main river are known as mountain glaciers. There are two primary types of glaciers: Continental: Ice sheets are dome-shaped glaciers that flow away from a central region and are largely unaffected by underlying topography (e.g., Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets); Alpine or valley: glaciers in mountains that flow down valleys Alpine glaciers form on mountains whose high elevation and cold temperatures allow layers of snow to accumulate and compact into ice. Alpine glaciers are glaciers formed in the mountains. A glacier is a slowly flowing mass of ice with incredible erosive capabilities. The two different glaciers are valley and continental glaciers and they are different because continental glaciers are the largest, and valley glaciers are on the top of mountain peaks. 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